A proposed bill in Utah that would require all public schools to display the Ten Commandments in a prominent location has stirred up controversy among lawmakers, educators, and civil rights groups. The bill, sponsored by Rep. Michael Petersen, R-North Logan, aims to promote the moral values and historical significance of the biblical document, but critics argue that it violates the constitutional separation of church and state and discriminates against non-Christian students.
The bill’s provisions and rationale
According to the bill’s language, HB269 would mandate that every public school in Utah display “a poster or framed copy” of the Ten Commandments that is at least 16 inches wide and 20 inches tall. If a school does not have a copy of the Ten Commandments, it would have to accept a “privately donated” poster or framed copy and display it. The bill also states that the display of the Ten Commandments “does not constitute the establishment of a religion” and that it is “intended to acknowledge the significant role that the Ten Commandments have played in the formation of the legal system of the United States and the state of Utah.”
Petersen, who did not respond to requests for comment, said in a previous interview that he believes the Ten Commandments are the basis of law and morality and that displaying them in schools would help students learn about their heritage and values. He also said that he is not trying to impose his religion on anyone and that he respects the diversity of beliefs in Utah.
The bill’s opposition and challenges
However, the bill has faced strong opposition from various groups who see it as a blatant violation of the First Amendment’s Establishment Clause, which prohibits the government from endorsing or favoring any religion. They also point out that the bill is likely to face legal challenges and lawsuits, as similar laws in other states have been struck down by the courts.
Clifford Rosky, a professor of law and constitutional law at the University of Utah, said that the bill is clearly unconstitutional and that it amounts to teaching religious doctrine in public schools. He said that the Ten Commandments are not shared by all faiths and that there are many other sources of law and morality that are not based on religion. He also said that the bill would send a message of exclusion and intolerance to non-Christian students and teachers.
The American Civil Liberties Union of Utah also expressed its opposition to the bill, saying that it would infringe on the religious freedom and diversity of Utahns. The ACLU of Utah said that the bill would create a hostile environment for students of different faiths or no faith at all and that it would waste taxpayer money on defending a law that is doomed to fail in court.
The Utah Education Association, the state’s largest teachers union, also voiced its concerns about the bill, saying that it would interfere with the professional judgment and autonomy of educators and that it would divert attention and resources from more pressing issues facing public education.
The bill’s prospects and alternatives
The bill is currently awaiting a committee hearing in the Utah House of Representatives, where it may face opposition from some of Petersen’s fellow Republicans who are wary of the legal and financial implications of the bill. The bill would also need to pass the Utah Senate and be signed by Gov. Spencer Cox, who has not taken a position on the bill yet.
Some lawmakers have suggested that instead of requiring the Ten Commandments to be displayed in schools, the bill could be amended to allow schools to display other historical documents that reflect the state’s and the nation’s heritage, such as the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, or the Bill of Rights. Others have proposed that the bill could be modified to include a disclaimer that the display of the Ten Commandments does not endorse any religion and that students are free to learn about other religions and beliefs.
However, Petersen has said that he is not interested in changing his bill and that he is confident that it will pass and withstand any legal challenges.